John Deere X590 Problems (Common Issues and Solutions)

The John Deere X590 is a popular lawn tractor that has gained a lot of traction among homeowners and landscapers alike.

It is known for its durability, versatility, and powerful engine.

However, like any other lawn tractor, the X590 is not immune to problems.

In this post, we will discuss some of the common problems associated with the John Deere X590 and their possible solutions.

Let’s dive in.

John Deere X590 Problems

john deere x590 problems

1. Starter Problems

One of the most common problems that X590 owners report is that the engine is hard to start. If you are experiencing this issue, the first thing to check is the battery.

Ensure that it is fully charged and that the connections are tight. If the battery is not the problem, then the starter solenoid could be the culprit.

This component is responsible for sending an electrical current to the starter motor, which then cranks the engine.

If the solenoid is defective, it will prevent the engine from starting. To fix this issue, you need to replace the starter solenoid.

2. Transmission Problems

Another common problem associated with the X590 is transmission issues.

The X590 is equipped with a hydrostatic transmission that is responsible for converting the engine’s power into motion.

If you notice that the tractor is not moving as it should or the transmission is slipping,

then the first thing to check is the transmission fluid level. Ensure that it is at the right level and that it is not contaminated.

If the fluid level is fine, then the problem could be a worn-out transmission belt or a damaged transmission pump. In such cases, you need to replace the belt or the pump.

Read: 8 John Deere X738 Common Problems(With Solution)

3. Fuel System Problems

The fuel system is an important part of every engine, including the X590. If you notice that the engine is sputtering or stalling, then the first thing to check is the fuel system.

Ensure that there is enough fuel in the tank and that the fuel filter is not clogged. If the fuel filter is clogged, the engine won’t get fuel, which will cause it to sputter or stop.

To fix this issue, you need to replace the fuel filter. If the problem persists, then the fuel pump could be the problem.

In such cases, you need to replace the fuel pump.

4. Electrical Problems

The X590 has a complicated electrical system that controls the engine, lights, and gauges, among other things.

If you are experiencing electrical issues, then the first thing to check is the battery. Ensure that it is fully charged and that the connections are tight.

If the battery is fine, then the problem could be a blown fuse or a defective electrical component, such as a relay or a switch.

In such cases, you need to replace the faulty component.

Read: 3 Common John Deere X540 Problems(Easy ways to Fix)

5. Steering Problems

The X590 features power steering, which makes it easy to maneuver around obstacles.

If you notice that the steering is not as responsive as it should be or that there is excessive play in the steering wheel,

then the problem could be a damaged steering linkage or a worn-out steering gear.

To fix this issue, you need to inspect the steering system and replace any damaged or worn-out components.

ProblemPossible CauseSolution
Starter problemsDead battery or faulty starter solenoidCheck battery and connections, replace starter solenoid if necessary
Transmission problemsLow or contaminated transmission fluid, worn-out transmission belt, or damaged transmission pumpCheck transmission fluid level and condition, replace transmission belt or pump if necessary
Fuel system problemsLow fuel level or clogged fuel filter, faulty fuel pumpCheck fuel level and replace fuel filter, replace fuel pump if necessary
Electrical problemsDead battery, blown fuse, or faulty electrical componentCheck battery and connections, replace a blown fuse or faulty component if necessary
Steering problemsDamaged steering linkage or worn-out steering gearInspect the steering system and replace any damaged or worn-out components
John Deere X590 Problems

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John Deere X590 Deck Leveling Problems

  • Safety first: Before you begin, make sure the tractor is turned off and the key is removed. Engage the parking brake and disconnect the spark plug wire to prevent accidental starts.
  • Check Tire Pressure: Ensure that all the tires are properly inflated to the recommended pressure. Uneven tire pressure can affect the deck’s level.
  • Park on a Flat Surface: Park the tractor on a level and flat surface, such as a concrete driveway, to ensure accurate leveling.
  • Adjust the Cutting Height: Set the cutting height adjustment knob to the desired cutting height.
  • Measure Blade Height: Measure the height of each mower blade from the ground to the blade tip. You can do this by placing a ruler or measuring tape under each blade.
  • Adjust the Deck: To level the deck, you will need to adjust the deck hanger links or brackets. Here’s a general procedure: a. Locate the adjustment points on the deck hanger links or brackets. These are typically found on both sides of the mower deck. b. Loosen the locknuts or bolts on the adjustment points. c. Use a wrench or pliers to turn the adjustment nuts or bolts to raise or lower the deck as needed. Check the blade heights frequently to ensure they are even. d. Once the deck is level, tighten the locknuts or bolts to secure the adjustment.
  • Recheck Blade Heights: After making adjustments, re-measure the blade heights to ensure they are still level. Make any necessary fine-tuning adjustments.
  • Test Mowing: Test the mower by mowing a small section of your lawn to ensure an even cut. If necessary, make further adjustments and test again until you achieve the desired level of cut.
  • Regular Maintenance: Keep an eye on your mower’s deck leveling throughout the mowing season. The deck may need periodic adjustments due to wear or changes in terrain.

Read 5 Common John Deere 5200 Problems(With Solutions)


What is the engine size of the John Deere X590?

The X590 is equipped with a powerful 25 hp (18.6 kW) engine.

What type of transmission does the X590 have?

The X590 features a hydrostatic transmission that provides smooth and precise control.

How often should I change the oil in my X590?

It is recommended to change the oil and filter after the first 8 hours of use and then every 50 hours thereafter.

What type of fuel for John Deere X590?

The X590 is designed to run on unleaded gasoline with an octane rating of at least 87.

How often to replace the air filter in X590?

Every 25 hours of use, you should check the air filter and replace it if needed.

Can I use the X590 for snow removal?

Yes, the X590 can handle light to moderate snow removal jobs with the snow blower attachment that you can buy separately.

Is the X590 covered by a warranty?

Yes, the X590 is covered by a comprehensive warranty that includes a 4-year, 500-hour limited warranty, a 10-year, 1,000-hour frame warranty, and a 2-year bumper-to-bumper warranty.

Where can I purchase replacement parts for my X590?

Genuine John Deere parts for your X590 can be bought from a John Deere dealer near you or on the John Deere website.

How do I properly store my X590 during the off-season?

It is recommended to store your X590 in a cool, dry place with a full fuel tank and a charged battery. Before putting it away for a long time, you should also do the necessary maintenance, like changing the oil and filter.

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Final Words

The John Deere X590 is a reliable and versatile lawn tractor that can help you maintain your lawn and garden with ease.

However, like any other machine, it is prone to problems.

If you are experiencing any of the problems discussed in this blog post, it is essential to address them promptly to avoid further damage to your X590.

Most of these problems can be fixed easily, but if you are not comfortable with DIY repairs, it is always advisable to seek the services of a professional mechanic.

Remember to perform regular maintenance on your X590 to prevent problems from

Read 10 Common John Deere S240 Problems(With Solution)

George Bill
George Bill

George Bill is a Mechanical Engineer by Profession and an avid gardener and has been mowing his lawn for over 20 years. He has used a variety of different mowers during this time.
George is an expert at maintaining his mowers and over the years, he has learned many tricks and techniques for getting the best results from his mowers and is always happy to share his knowledge on this site.